一束突破电阻的电流—记2020年全国劳动模范、北汽新能源工程研究院副院长代康伟

发布时间:2020-11-30

      电流经过导体、遭遇电阻,会产生三大效应:热效应(光效应)、化学效应、磁效应。由此,一束束电流被运用到各个领域,辐射出巨大的能量,改变着人类世界。

      naxiazhongguoqichegongyekejijinbujiangyidengjiang、beijingshikexuejishuerdengjiang,lianxuliangnianhuode“zhongguoxin”xinnengyuanqichedonglixitongzuigaojiangxiang,dazaoquanqiushoukuanchengyongchewumozudonglidianchi,qudequanqiushoujiatmmi-3jirenzhengzhengshu,gongkequandixingmoshiyueyemoshikaifananti……duonianlai,beiqixinnengyuangongchengyanjiuyuanfuyuanzhangdaikangweidailingtuandui,yizhizaisandianhexinjishulingyubenpao、pandeng。

  tahetadailingdetuandui,jiuxiangyishuyongyuanxiangqiandedianliu,tupodianzudetongshifachuguanghere,bingxingcheng“diancichang”,weizhongguoxinnengyuanqichejishuhechanyedefazhangongxianliliang。

光效应

“既然选择了这条道路,就不能后退”

      2008nian,daikangweijiarubeiqijituan,chengweidangshiweishubuduo“kebanchushen”dexinnengyuanshangyongchekaifagongchengshi。2013nian,takaishizhuanzhuchundiandongchengyongcheyanfa。

      zaiwanchengvcu(zhengchekongzhiqi)、bms(dianchiguanlixitong)kaifahou,sandiantuanduimianduideshiyidaozhongyaodexuanzeti——mcu(dianjikongzhiqi)shizizhukaifa,haishizhaogongyingshangkaifa?“ruguowomenzheicibunuli,yihouliannulidejihuidoumeiyoule。”zaihexinjishuyanfashang,daikangweidailingtuanduizuochuleguanjianjueze。

      dianjikongzhi,rangdianjianquankekongdizhuanqilaishiguanjiandediyibu,jinershixiangaozhuansu、dagonglvdeshuchu。danliangsangeyueguoqule,shizhongmeiyouzhongdajinzhan。“jiranxuanzelezheitiaodaolujiubunenghoutui,meiyoushenmekunnanshibunengkefude,ruguoyou,neijiujiabeifendou。”daikangweiduituandui,yeshiduizijishuo。baitiantaijiashiyan、wanshangzongjietaolun,yeyijiri、ziziyiqiu……zhidaoyouyitian,dianjizhuandongle!

      jingguonuli,sandiantuanduiwanchengleliangdaidonglidiankongchanpinpingtaikaifa。2014niandazaizhengcheshangshi,dangnianxiaoliangjiutupo5000liang。2015nian,“c30chundiandongchengyongcheguanjianjishujichengkaifayuyingyongxiangmu”zhanhuozhongguoqichegongyekexuejishujinbujiangyidengjiang。

向山顶攀登的道路只会越来越崎岖。

      2015nian,daikangweijiechudaogongnenganquanjishu。diandongqicheyuegaoji,dianzilingbujianjiuyueduo,yidangaoanquandengjikongzhiqishixiao,jiangchanshengwufaguliangdeshanghai。daikangweiminruidirenshidaogongnenganquanjishuzaiweilaidiandongqichefazhanzhongdeguanjianzuoyong,juedingzaiguoneilvxianlixiangqidongyanfa。

      “jiuxiangdangshiwomenzuodiankongxitongyiyang,yiqieconglingkaishi。”daikangweihuiyidao:“meiyoukeyijiejiandezhengchegongnenganquanfengxianpinggujingyan,meiyousandiangongnenganquanxitongshejifangan,meiyouzhichengkaifadegongjulianhexinpian……”

      daikangweiyizhiyong“zhengxian”dejingshenjilituandui,“zhengxian,jiushiyaoganyudingyimubiao,ranhoubutuiburang。”mubiao,jiushiyishuguang,yinlingzherenmenzaiheianzhongbashe。

      zaiguoneizhaobudaotongxingzhe,daikangweijiuzhijiezhaodaozuiquanweiderenzhengjigou——deguolaiyintüvjituan,tantaodiandongqichegongnenganquandebiaozhunyurenzhengwenti。zuichudejinzhanbingbushunli,deguolaiyinbulejiediandongqiche,daikangweituanduibulejiebiaozhun。zaidaikangweidetuidongxia,shuangfangzuizhongqianshuzhanlvexieyi,haowubaoliudigongxiangzhishi,chengjiuleyiduanhezuojiahua。

      kaifabingfeiyifanfengshun。fangan3cijiaoting,9lunshejipingshen,zuizhongshixianleanquanxing、helixinghekexingxingdewanmeironghe。2017nian6yue,xiangmutuanduichenggongjianggongnenganquanbiaozhundaorusandiankongzhiqichanpinkaifa。2017nian,xianhouhuodedeguolaiyinbanfade“asil dji”gongnenganquanliuchengrenzhengzhengshuyijidonglidiankongchanpinmcu、vcuhebmsgongnenganquanchanpin“asil cji”renzhengzhengshu。beiqixinnengyuanchengweiguoneiweiyiyijiawanzhengzizhuzhangwodiandonghuagongnenganquanchanpinjiliuchengjishudezhengcheqiye,dadaoleshijiejishuiping。

      zaizuoxiangmudetongshi,daikangweigengkanzhongjiantixi、jianliucheng、jianguifan。muqian,tadailingdetuanduiyijingshenqingzhuanli5482xiang,wancheng1700duoxiangqiyebiaozhun,canyu80duoxiangguojiahexingyebiaozhunzhiding。

        

化学效应

——“如果我是一名消费者,我对性能会有什么要求”

      2020nian10yue28ri,beiqixinnengyuanyouyicidengshangzhongguoqichegongyekexuejishujiangdelingjiangtai。yougongsiduliwanchengbingshenbaode“diandongqichesandianpingtaiguanjianjishuyuchanyehua”xiangmu,huodezhongguoqichegongyekejijinbujiangyidengjiang。

      xuhang、anquan、chengbenshixingyedegongxingnanti。cici,daikangweidailingdesandiantuandui,jiezhugaonengxiaodianquzongchengguanjianjishu,tigaoledianjixiaolv、huishouxiaolvhenengliangmidu;yanfagaoanquandianchidiankongguanjianjishu,jiejuelereshikongyujing、reshikongyizhijishuwanzujianhaomiaojidediankonggongnenganquanguankong。

      diandongqichekaifajishubuduandiedai,suoyizaizheigelingyu,yongyuanmeiyouchengshudejingyankeyicankao。daikangweidingyimubiaodefangfajiushiwenziji:“ruguowoshiyimingxiaofeizhe,woduixingnenghuiyoushenmeyaoqiu?youcheyijingzuodaode,dianchezuodaolemeiyou?”

      gaoxingnengdonglizongchengkaifaxiangmulixiangzhichu,guowaiyiliangchandediandongqichechanpinjuncaiyongfentishidianqudongzongchengfangan,zaochengleqianjicangbuzhiyongzhong、xitongchengbengao、lingbujianguzhanglvgaodengwenti。weilejiejuenanti,daikangweidailingtuanduikaishilejiangvcu、mcu、obc(chezaichongdianji)、dcdc(gaodiyadianyuanzhuanhuan)、gaoyapeidianyijiqudongdianji、jiansuqidengjinxinggaodujichengdekaifazhilv。

      jiangsuoyoudedianqigongnengjichengdaoyitihuaqiaotinei,xiaxiaodekongjianyaoshixianduogereyuandesanrefeichangkunnan,xuyaoji-dian-re-ci-anquanduojishuxietong。

      zaidianjijiegoushejishang,jiangdicigangyongliang、youhuadianjijiegou,jianshaoxiebo,zuizhongbajianxigaicheng“huabanxing”,zaikongzailixiangzhuangtaixianengchanshengzuidadeliju,pojieyonghuxiaoniujushiyonggongkuangdexiaolvnanti。zaidiankongshejishang,liyonggereyuanshengregonglvbujunyun、shixuxianzhuchayidengtedian,chuangzaoxingditichu“sanmingzhishi”deyelengjiegoubuju,shejiyitihuadianqituopuxinjiagou,dafudutigaoledianqudongzongchengdegonglvmiduhekekaoxing,jiaofenbushidianqudongzongchengdezhongliangjianshao28kg。

      dianjixiaolvtigao,zhijiefanyingzainedc(xinbiaoouzhouxunhuanceshi)shujushang。zhongqiyanqichejianyanzhongxinchujudebaogaoxianshi,beiqixinnengyuannedcdonglizongchengxiaolvwei87.5%,chuyuxingyedingjishuiping。bujinruci,xinyidaichanpindediancijianrongdengjitigaodaoguojibiaozhuncispr25dengji4,xiaochulexiaofeizhedui“diancifushehuibuhuiyingxiangrentijiankang”deyilv。

      2015niandiyidaiyitihuadianqudongchanpinwenshi,2017niandierdaichanpindazaizhuangche,2019niandisandaichanpinchenggongchanyehua,binghuodebeijingshikexuejishujinbujiangerdengjiang。

  一体化动力总成解决的是电动汽车效率问题,动力电池则解决用户的另一个关注点——里程焦虑。

      “womenyizhizaisikao,xiaofeizhegoumaiyidudian,ruhepaodegengyuan、gengkuai、genganquan?”2019nian2yue13ri,daikangweidaibiaoxiangmutuanduizaijunlingzhuangshangqianzilizhuang,shibaoctpdianchiyanfajiedian,baozhengchanpinxingnengtishenghechengbenxiajiang。

      shejifanganjishujudongjie,diyitaictpdianchichexiaxian,dianchixitongjizhengchedvshiyankaizhan,dianxinjizhengcherenzheng,xitongjijidianxinjiyanzhengwancheng,jingjixing、gaowenjikekaoxingyanzhengwancheng,chanxianrenkebingpiliangtouchan……2019niandechuchundaozhongqiu,ctpdonglidianchikaifatuanduijinyongle7geyuejiuwanchenglequanbukaifarenwu,tongguole50wangonglishiyanqiangdudekaoyan,shixianxiangtijianzhong13%,zhengchenenghaoxingnengtisheng2.9%,zhengchechangwenxuhanglichengzengjia3%,-7℃xuhanglichengzengjia10%。tongguoxitongjichengchuangxin,shixianlenengliangmiduxingnengzhibiaodexianzhutisheng。

      chuangxinyongbuzhibu。2020nian,daikangweidailingtuanduizaiyingjianjichengchuangxindejichushang,tongguoruanjiankongzhicelvedegexinghuapipei,yituobeiqixinnengyuan50wanliangcheyunyingdashuju,shixianjiyudiqu、gongkuangduidonglidianchireguanlidejingzhunguankong,shidonglidianchixitongshizhongzaishiyidewendufanweineigongzuo,yanzhangleshiyongshouming。

      cong2009niandaoxianzai,beiqixinnengyuandonglidianchijishugexinyilijingsancidiedai。11nianjian,xitongnengliangmidutisheng100%。“50kwhjidianchinengliangmiduzuigaonengdadao180wh/kgyishang,guojixianjin!”sandianxiangmushenbaocailiaozhongpoweizihaodixiexialezheiyangdeshuju。bujinruci,daikangweihaidailingtuanduijinxingquantianhoudianchijishu、sizhonganquandianchijishudeyanfa,zheligoujianwanbeidedianchixitongyanfanengliheceshiyanzhengtixi。

      “lizushichang,panduanjishufazhanqushi,guihuazishenyanfarenwu,shikebaochijishujingzhengli,zheishiwozuoweiyimingjishudaitourenyaoquzuodeshiqing。”daikangweishuozijifeichangxiangshouzheizhongtiaozhandeguocheng,erjishufazhanhexiaofeizhexuqiuzhijianchanshengdehuaxuefanying,shiqizhongzuilingrenxingfenzhichu。

    

磁效应

——“我们要打造的是一支常胜之师”

      tongguobuduantishengdianchixingnenglaitishengxuhanglicheng,shigongjianzhan;tongguoruanjiankaifabuduanyouhuadiankongxingneng,zeshizaoyuzhan。

      “quandixingmoshikaifa,jiushizaoyuzhanzhongdedianxingzhanyi。”quandixinggongneng,jiushichundiandongqichetongguocelvediaozhengshixianshadi、nidihexuedijiashi,rangdiandongsuvjubeiyueyenengli。zheibushijishuyuyan,ershiyikuanliangchanchehexingongnengdeyingyongkaifa。

      yikaishituanduixinxinbuzu,renweizheishibukenengwanchengderenwu。daikangweigaojietuandui:“womenyaodazaodeshiyizhichangshengzhishi,renheqingkuangxiadounengdashengzhang。”

      meiyoujingyan,jiuduibiaoyouchedegongnengzhibiao,shejichusuanfahefangan,ranhoushangcheceshi。weilemonishijiyonghushiyongchangjing,jiuzulinbutongchangdiquceshi。yiqingqijian,weilejieyuezhongwuwangfanchifandeshijian,gongchengshijiudaifanquceshichang,handongshijie,yikouliangfanjiuzheyikoureshui。

      “wohoulaizhidaozheigeshiqing,feichangxinteng。wobugulitamenzheiyangzuo,danshijianfeichangjinji,gongchengshizhendepinle。”shuodaozijidetuandui,daikangweimanshizanyang。

      xietongdipanbuheboshidenggongyingshanggongtongkaifa,wushucidejishufanganhesuanfadiaozheng,wushucideshichebiaoding,wushucidejishupingshen……“meiyicideyanshou,beiqixinnengyuanzhixingfuzongjinglichenshanghuahegongchengyanjiuyuanyuanzhangyangzifadouyaocanjia,jisandiantuanduiyijidadeguanzhuheguli。”daikangweishuo。

      2020nian10yue23ri,zaiisqeruanjianzhilianggongchengfenghuishang,beiqixinnengyuangongchengyanjiuyuanyiquanburenzhengyu“wanquanmanzu”dezuigaopingfen,huodetmmijijinhuiqianfadetmmi-3jirenzhengzhengshu,chengweiquanqiuqichexingyeneishougehuodegairenzhengdeceshizuzhi,zheishiduiqiruanjianzhiliangguanlishuipingzuiyoulidezizhizhengming。

      weimanzuyanfaxuyao,daodishishoudongceshihaishizidonghuaceshi?daodishizijizuohaishiwaibaofuwu?weilehuodejizhideceshixiaolv,daikangweihaishijuece“yidingyaozijizuo”。

      5nianlai,diankongceshiquanguochengzidonghuaguanjianjishujinglileyue3000xiaoshidetaolun、sheji、bianma、yanzheng,yidiedaijin100gebanben,wei1700duocixiangmurenwujinxingceshi。

      2016nian,diankongceshituanduijiangceshiyuyunfuwujiehe;2018nian,jiangceshiyushuxuemoxingjiehe,shejichuzidonghuachengdugenggaodegongju;2019niandi,quanguochengzidonghualvdadao82%。2020niandedanianchuqi,diankongceshibugongchengshiliusanbinglaidaoyingjianzaihuanshiyanshiduishebeijinxinggongdian,tongshi,suoyoujujiazaixianbangongdegongchengshikaishileyuanchengcaozuo。yiqingkaoyan,ceshiwuyang,meiyouyixiangceshiyanqi,meiyouyixiangceshiyilou。jingqiaoqiaodeceshishiyanshili,zhishidengzaishanshuo,zidongshejishengchengdeceshiyongliyitiaotiaoanjihuazhixing……

      12nian,daikangweicongyimingdaxuebiyeshengchengzhangweidailing500duomingyanfagongchengshidesandianjishudaitouren。“zaifazhanxinnengyuanqichedeguojiazhanlvezhiyinxia,zaiyigezhongshiyanfahechuangxindeqiyeli,caihuiyouwohesandiantuanduidechengzhang。”

      2020nian11yue24ri,zaiquanguolaodongmofanhexianjingongzuozhebiaozhangdahuishang,daikangweibeishouyu“quanguolaodongmofan”rongyuchenghao。daikangweijuedezijishenshangdezerengengdale,“woyaoyigenghaodeyejihuibaobeiqi,huibaoguojia。”

 (北京汽车报)